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Direct financial support


Direct financial support are direct means that help desirable activities overcome financial barriers and market failures[1]. It especially addresses smaller businesses in their development and any other that need financial support in fulfilling necessary regulations or creating socially desirable outcomes. Debt financing, grants, and circular procurement and infrastructure are examples of direct financial support.

[1] EMF (Ellen MacArthur Foundation). 2015. Delivering the Circular Economy: A Toolkit for Policymakers. Available online via:

Relevant case studies and articles