"From the outset, it was decided that the design of the new Venlo City Hall (NL) should be Cradle to Cradle (C2C) certified and situated in an area in need of regeneration.
Spatial planning can be utilised to ensure environmental and circular considerations are taken into account in the allocation, development and exploitation of spatial resources.  As such, spatial planning is able to both directly and indirectly influence resource consumption.  Through the use of land use zoning tools, particular packages of land can be designated for a specific use which can mandate maximum and minimum regulatory standards to define the characteristics within each land use classification.
These spatial planning instruments can be applied at a diversity of spatial scales; from the national level, to individual plots of land. 
 Silva, E. & Acheampong, R. 2015, Developing an Inventory and Typology of Land-Use Planning Systems and Policy Instruments in OECD Countries. OECD Environment Working Papers, No. 94, OECD Publishing, Paris.
 Pistoni, R. & Bonin, S. 2017. Urban metabolism planning and designing approaches between quantitative analysis and urban landscape. City Territory and Architecture. An interdisciplinary debate on project perspectives, 2017 pp.4-20.